Official definition of haiku, according to the Haiku Society of America: A haiku is a short poem that uses imagistic language to convey the essence of an experience of nature or the season intuitively linked to the human condition. Most haiku in English consist of three unrhymed lines of seventeen or fewer syllables, with the middle line longest, though today's poets use a variety of line lengths and arrangements.
In Japanese a typical haiku has seventeen "sounds" (on) arranged five, seven, and five. (Some translators of Japanese poetry have noted that about twelve syllables in English approximates the duration of seventeen Japanese on.) Traditional Japanese haiku include a "season word" (kigo), a word or phrase that helps identify the season of the experience recorded in the poem, and a "cutting word" (kireji), a sort of spoken punctuation that marks a pause or gives emphasis to one part of the poem. In English, season words are sometimes omitted, but the original focus on experience captured in clear images continues.
The most common technique is juxtaposing two images or ideas. Punctuation, space, a line-break, or a grammatical break may substitute for a cutting word. Most haiku have no titles, and metaphors and similes are commonly avoided. (Haiku do sometimes have brief prefatory notes, usually specifying the setting or similar facts; metaphors and similes in the simple sense of these terms do sometimes occur, but not frequently.
For more information, see http://www.hsa-haiku.org/archives/HSA_Definitions_2004.html and http://www.graceguts.com/essays/becoming-a-haiku-poet.
- Must be an Alabama resident.
- Contestants must submit a registration form (below).
- To enter the adult competition, must be over 18.
- To enter the youth competition, must be 13-17 (13 by the registration date).
- Birmingham Public Library staff and immediate family members are ineligible.
- Haiku must follow the official Haiku Society of America definition as shown above.
- Contest began on February 21 and runs through March 11.
- A winner will be selected each week for the adult division and the youth division. Poems must be submitted by Friday at 11:59 p.m. to be considered for that week.
- Winners for week one ( February 21-26) were as follows: Ashley B. in the adult division; Maryn M. in the youth division.
- Week two: Sunday, February 28-Friday, March 4
- Week three: Sunday, March 6-Friday, March 11
- The winner in each division will be announced via the library Twitter @bpl early the following week.
- Poets may only submit 3 poems per week. Any poems submitted after that will not be eligible to win.
- Contestants may only win once.
- All submissions must be in English.
- Haiku via twitter must be tagged with #bplhaiku to be eligible.
- Poets may submit haiku via email as well. Email your haiku to firstname.lastname@example.org.